The Chile-Canada Agreement on Environment Cooperation entered into force in July 1997 in parallel to the bilateral Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement and provides a framework for the two countries to cooperate on environmental issues. Some of the key objectives of the Agreement on Environment Cooperation include the following:
The Paris Agreement was adopted at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris on December 12, 2015. It is a landmark agreement to combat climate change and to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future.
The central aim of the Agreement is to limit global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and ideally strive to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the Agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change by mobilizing financial and technological support, as well as capacity building for developing countries and the most vulnerable countries.
The Paris Agreement requires all member states to put forward their best efforts through “Nationally Determined Contributions” (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead. Reciclo Orgánicos Program will help support NDC implementation in Chile.
Chile ratified the Paris Agreement in February 2017 which includes two emission targets for 2030 (one unconditional and one conditional on international financial contributions) as part of the country’s NDC. Canada is currently supporting Chile in the implementation of its NDC under the Paris Agreement through initiatives to significantly reduce methane emissions from the country’s municipal waste sector. The 4-year Canada-Chile Program will be deployed between 2017 and 2021 and provides CAD$7 million funding for capacity building and technical assistance to support clean innovation and reduce methane emissions from existing landfills while diverting organic matter from landfills in order to mitigate emissions.
The collaborative Program has four overarching objectives:
According to the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change, the changing climate will have widespread effects on human life and ecosystems. It brings heat waves, flooding, droughts, intense tropical cyclones, rising sea levels, and damages biodiversity.