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Chile-Canada Agreement on Environment Cooperation

The Chile-Canada Agreement on Environment Cooperation entered into force in July 1997 in parallel to the bilateral Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement and provides a framework for the two countries to cooperate on environmental issues. Some of the key objectives of the Agreement on Environment Cooperation include the following:

  • Foster the protection and improvement of the environment in Chile and Canada
  • Promote sustainable development based on cooperation and mutually supportive environmental and economic policies
  • Increase cooperation between the Parties to better conserve, protect, and enhance the environment, including wild flora and fauna
  • Strengthen cooperation on the development and improvement of environmental laws, regulations, procedures, policies and practices
  • Promote transparency and public participation in the development of environmental laws, regulations and policies
  • Promote economically efficient and effective environmental measures
  • Promote pollution prevention policies and practices

The Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement was adopted at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris on December 12, 2015. It is a landmark agreement to combat climate change and to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future.

The central aim of the Agreement is to limit global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and ideally strive to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the Agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change by mobilizing financial and technological support, as well as capacity building for developing countries and the most vulnerable countries.

The Paris Agreement requires all member states to put forward their best efforts through “Nationally Determined Contributions” (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead. Reciclo Orgánicos Program will help support NDC implementation in Chile.

Canada’s Support to Chile

Chile ratified the Paris Agreement in February 2017 which includes two emission targets for 2030 (one unconditional and one conditional on international financial contributions) as part of the country’s NDC. Canada is currently supporting Chile in the implementation of its NDC under the Paris Agreement through initiatives to significantly reduce methane emissions from the country’s municipal waste sector. The 4-year Canada-Chile Program will be deployed between 2017 and 2021 and provides CAD$7 million funding for capacity building and technical assistance to support clean innovation and reduce methane emissions from existing landfills while diverting organic matter from landfills in order to mitigate emissions.

The collaborative Program has four overarching objectives:

  • Reduction of methane emissions through technology deployment in selected cities;
  • Tracking, monitoring and reporting emission reductions as well as explore opportunities for new and innovative cooperative arrangements;
  • Leverage co-financing from public and private sector partners for the planned projects as well as creating financial enabling conditions for scaled-up implementation through engagement international financial institutions and Multilateral Development banks; and,
  • Provide technical support for communications opportunities.


According to the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change, the changing climate will have widespread effects on human life and ecosystems. It brings heat waves, flooding, droughts, intense tropical cyclones, rising sea levels, and damages biodiversity.