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Glossary

Climate Change

Paris Agreement

Is an agreement within the framework of the United establishing measures for reducing greenhouse emissions through mitigation, adaptation and resilience of ecosystems. This agreement came into force in 2016 with the commitment of signatory countries to keep global temperature increase below 2 ° C and strive to achieve that does not exceed 1.5 °C.

Global Warming

A phenomenon of increasing global average temperature, both of the atmosphere and of the oceans. The emission of greenhouse gases due to human activity, mainly the burning of fossil fuels, accelerates the natural greenhouse effect and global warming increases. This phenomenon has been widely discussed worldwide and established within the Paris Agreement, maintain the temperature below 2 degrees Celsius, in order to avoid reaching dangerous and irreversible levels of climate change.

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: It entered into force in 1994 with the aim of stabilizing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a timeframe sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.

Sustainable Development

The process of sustained and equitable quality of life of people improvement, based on appropriate conservation measures and environmental protection, so as not to compromise the expectations of future generations.

Carbon Footprint

The carbon footprint is a measure for quantifying emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and, therefore, make an indicator of the impact of an action, activity or object under study.

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): It is the main international body for the assessment of climate change. It was created by the United and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988, to offer the world a scientific view of the current state of knowledge on climate change and its potential environmental and socioeconomic impacts.

Sustainable Development Goals

17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as Millennium World came into force in 2016 and are a universal action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure call that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. ODS: (1) End of Poverty, (2) Zero Hunger (3) Health and Welfare, (4) Quality Education, (5) Gender equality (6) Clean water and sanitation, (7) Affordable Energy and clean, (8) decent work and economic growth, (9) Industry, innovation and infrastructure (10) Reduction of inequalities (11) Cities and sustainable communities, (12) Production and responsible consumption, (13) Action by climate, (14) underwater life, (15) Life terrestrial ecosystems, (16) Peace, justice and solid institutions, (17) Alliance to achieve the objectives.

ONU

United Nations Organization: The United Nations officially born in 1945 and today, 193 States are members. The United Nations can take action on the problems facing humanity in the 21st century as peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, human rights, disarmament, terrorism, humanitarian emergencies and health, gender equality, governance, food production and more.

World Meteorological Organization

It is a specialized agency of the United Nations on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with land and oceans, climate and their effects on the distribution of water resources.

UN Environment Programme

He is the spokesman for the environment within the United Nations System. UNEP acts as a catalyst, promoter, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.

Kyoto Protocol

It is a protocol to the UNFCCC that was adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that aims to reduce emissions of six greenhouse gases causing global warming. Implies that all countries that signed a pledge to reduce, by about 5% the emission of these gases in the period from 2008 to 2012. Chile ratified the protocol in 2002.

Greenhouse Gases (GHG)

Carbon Dioxide

It is a colorless, colorless gas that is present in the atmosphere of the earth and is released when any substance containing carbon or processes such as respiration and fermentation burns.

Greenhouse Effect

It is the equilibrium temperature is set into the atmosphere between energy entering from the sun, which reflecta contact with the surface and one that is within the "greenhouse" absorbed by the greenhouse gases.

Methane Gas

Gas generated by the decomposition of organic waste in anaerobic environments, i.e., without oxygen. The decomposition process occurs naturally in swamps and artificially in dumps and landfills, because the residues are compressed and there is no oxygen between them. This gas is 25 times more carbon dioxide calorific value, which means that much more energy and releases heat as it decomposes to CO2, contributing more strongly to climate change.

Greenhouse Gases (GHG)

Gases in the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic (produced by human activities), which absorb and emit radiation at specific wavelengths of the spectrum of infrared radiation emitted by the surface of the Earth, the atmosphere, and clouds. This property causes the greenhouse effect.

Type of Waste

Solid Residue

Residues are substances or objects having reached the end of its useful life are discarded, proceeding to treat by recovery or disposal.

Municipal Solid Waste

Domestic solid waste corresponds to garbage, waste or waste generated in homes and in establishments such as residential buildings, commercial buildings, local food outlets, hotels, educational establishments among others.

Organic waste

They correspond to all the residues having an animal or vegetable origin. All these residues - less animal remains - can be recovered and converted into compost or energy through various strategies, such as composting, vermiculture or biodigestión.

Inorganic Waste

They correspond to all materials resulting from a process or product which are composed of inert materials or lifeless.

Recyclable waste

Those materials found in the waste stream that can be recovered for reuse in a production process.

No Recyclable Waste

Residues within a range of materials that cannot be recovered for reuse, because their components or materials cannot be separated, due to lack of infrastructure or technology.

Hazardous Waste

Waste or mixture of waste that poses a risk to public health and/or adverse effects on the environment, either directly or due to handling. Example, harmful chemicals, mine tailings (tailings), toxic gases, acid, motor oil, paraffin, among others.

E-waste

Electronic waste or e-waste is the fastest growing waste globally corresponds to cell phones, computers, printers, among others. This waste contributes to dangerous pollution of our environment if not managed efficiently.

Waste Management

Zero waste

Concept and comprehensive policy that seeks to ensure that all waste or waste of a product or service can be retrieved, thereby eliminating the need to send these waste disposal in landfills, landfills or being burned.

Circular economy

Circular economy is a continuous cycle that preserves and optimizes the use of resources used in each production process, recovering the waste generated and reinserting in new production processes. For example, using a glass bottle, recycle and re-build a glass bottle.

Lifecycle

All stages of a product or service from the extraction of raw materials to return to nature or final disposal. Thanks to this concept is possible to determine at what stage of life of a product or service greater impact is generated and, with this information, redesigning the product or service to reduce it.

Obsolescence

It applies to objects that have been designed to last a certain number of uses or time, after which stop working. For example, what it happens with printers, cellular and other electronic devices.

Perceived obsolescence

It applies to objects that are discarded because they are perceived as obsolete for the consumer, such as electronic goods and technology, fashion, among others. For instance, what happens with clothes (fashion), cell phones, among others.

Recycling Law

2016 Law for the Promotion of Recycling (Law No. 20920) which, among other aspects and obligations, provides that manufacturers and / or importers of certain priority products will be required to organize and finance the management of waste from enacted those products.

Waste management

Concept comprising differentiation and classification of the types of waste already generated, defining a special destination for everyone. Within this concept are strategies such as recycling and composting.

Reusing waste

Set of associated actions aimed at recovering a residue, one or more component materials or heating value thereof, including reuse, recycling and energy valuation, which takes place in authorized sites for this in accordance with the regulations in force.

Sorting at the source

Sorting of recyclable materials and/or compostable at the point where originate, in order to be subsequently recycled and/or composted

Recycling

Recover the raw material of which is made a product and then use it to make a new, identical or different to the original product. This is achieved through a process of physical or chemical processing of the material. Retrieve glass bottle and create a new bottle.

Prevent waste generation

Prevention is the most important strategy of all, it seeks to avoid waste generation primarily through environmental education to citizenship.

Reusing a residue

Scheduled extend the life of a product, giving it a new and different use for which it was created.

Final disposition

Final disposition

Removal or "final disposal" of waste can take various forms, all of which need to be implemented by authorized agents. These include, for example, the deposit in landfills or secure landfills.

Small Dump Site

They are sporadic illegal accumulations of trash usually originate in neighborhoods, streets or abandoned sites. Health does not have authorization.

Dump

Place intended for final disposal, which do not comply with the law (DS No. 189/2008), but have sanitary authorization.

Landfill

Installation for the disposal of residential and assimilable solid waste, designed, built and operated to minimize discomfort and health risks of the population and damage to the environment in which wastes are compacted in layers to the minimum practicable volume and are covered daily.